Wednesday, 29 April 2015

modul aktiviti mendaki



  1. Latar Belakang Aktiviti

1.1 Tempat    :         

1.2 Peserta    :           80 orang

1.3 Masa        :           2 hari 1 malam

1.4 Personel    :         Ketua Aktiviti            - 1 orang
                                    Jurulatih                      - 8 orang
                                    Jurupandu                  - 8 orang
                                    Perubatan                  - 4 orang pembantu perubatan yang
                                                                   bertauliah
1.5 Peralatan :           Walkie Talkie
Bag pack
Kompas
Wisel
Lampu suluh
Tali karamental
Plastik sampah 
Khemah (yg ringan dan bersesuaian)
Bekalan makanan secukupnya
Peti Kecemasan
Pakaian yang mencukupi
Baju hujan
Caution tape


                                   

  1. Objektif

2.1    Membina kekuatan dari segi fizikal, mental, emosi dan rohani
2.2    Membentuk semangat kerjasama, berpasukan dan integrasi
2.3    Menikmati dan menghargai keindahan alam semulajadi.
2.4    Aplikasi mata pelajaran sains dan kajian tempatan


  1. Langkah-langkah

3.1    Mengenalpasti dan mengesahkan keselamatan laluan dan (Check point)
3.2    Mengenalpasti bilangan peserta dan jurulatih
3.3    Mengenalpasti tahap kebolehan dan tahap kesihatan peserta dan jurulatih
3.4    Memberi taklimat berkenaan perkara yang perlu dipatuhi
3.4.1     Jika sesat jalan
3.4.2     Jika mengalami kecederaan ringan/berat
3.4.3     Jika keadaan cuaca hujan atau panas
3.4.4     Cara berkomunikasi dalam perjalanan
3.4.5     Jadual perjalanan
3.4.6     Cara pergerakan dalam perjalanan secara berkumpulan
3.4.7     Tugasan ketika perjalanan
3.4.8     Bidang tugas ahli kumpulan
3.4.9     Cara menyusun dan menyediakan penginapan dan makanan

3.5    Aktiviti memanaskan badan / regangan
3.6    Membaca doa
3.7    Menjalankan aktiviti
3.8    Melapor telah selamat sampai ke (Check point) kepada jurulatih
3.9    Membuat rumusan



  1. Pengajaran / Kemahiran

4.1    Mematuhi arahan
4.2    Perancangan strategik membawa peralatan dan agihan tugas.
4.3    Komunikasi yang baik.
4.4    Teknik mendaki yang betul.
4.5    Melakarkan graf perjalanan sepanjang pendakian dan menyenaraikan jenis
   tumbuhan mengikut kategori jenis daun.
4.6    Mengawal emosi dan perasaan
4.7    Mewujudkan semangat setia kawan


  1. Rumusan

5.1 Aktiviti yang dijalankan dikaitkan dengan fizikal :

5.1.1     Tahap kecergasan kecergasan sepanjang perjalanan dikaitkan dengan Mata Pelajaran Pendidikan Jasmani dan Kesihatan
5.1.2     Gaya hidup sihat dan tahap kebersihan diri serta makanan
5.1.3     Amalan pemakanan sihat dan penyediaan makanan 

5.2 Aktiviti yang dijalankan dikaitkan dengan emosi :

5.2.1     Mata Pelajaran Islam / Moral dengan menerapkan nilai-nilai murni dalam diri serta berdisiplin dan solat berjemaah



5.3 Aktiviti yang dijalankan dikaitkan dengan mental :

5.3.1     Mata pelajaran Sains
5.3.1.1Jenis tumbuhan mengikut kategori batang, daun dan akar
5.3.1.2Hukum graviti ketika mendaki dan menuruni gunung

5.3.2     Mata pelajaran Pendidikan Jasmani dan Kesihatan
5.3.2.1Amalan pemakanan yang bersesuaian untuk mendapatkan
tenaga dengan segera
5.3.2.2Teknik pendakian yang betul

5.3.3     Mata pelajaran kajian tempatan 
5.3.3.1Bentuk muka bumi dan sumber air

5.4 Aktiviti yang dijalankan dikaitkan dengan sosial :

5.4.1     Integrasi antara pelbagai kaum dan peringkat umur

Sunday, 26 April 2015

Ilmu hutan

Pengalaman masuk hutan, berkawan ngan bebudak asli ni, dan termasuk kengkawan yg memang askar, banyak benda yg saya belajar..iaitu,

1. Lumut Taik Kera. Kalau kita jalan diwaktu malam, terutama di hutan padat dekat dgn air terjun atau sungai (mcm kes saya kat Janda Baik), bila kita jalan dalam gelap, kita akan nampak ada benda2 bercahaya warna hijau..ala2 benda yg pendarcahaya. Benda yg bercahaya tu ialah lumut taik kera, bila siang tak nampak apa2, bila malam dia akan keluarkan cahaya walaupun dgn skit bantuan cahaya dr bulan bintang. Yg bestnya, lumut ni hanya tumbuh didenai (laluan binatang atau orang), so kalau sesat..ikut je laluan ni diwaktu malam, insyaAllah..tak langgar pokok.

2. Ular tedung. Kalau terserempak dgn ular masa dlm hutan, jangan buat gerakan mengejut..stay still dan undur balik. Ular tedung tak mematuk bila kepala dia tengah kembang penuh, sebaliknya akan mematuk bila kepala dia kembang separuh je. Oleh tu, kita acah2 bagi ular tu kembang penuh dgn ranting kayu dan berundur2 pelan2. - belajar dr orang asli.

3. Kera / lutong dan spesis yg sama. Spesis kera takkan lari bila kita libas dgn sebatang ranting kayu, in fact dia leih lincah dr gerakan ranting kita. Utk halau kera, patahkan pokok renek dgn daun dan ranting yg mengembang..dan hayunkan kat kera tu..baru lari (rasionalnya, ranting + daun yg kembang tu nampak lagi besar dr sebatang ranting) - belajar dr askar.

4. Harimau. kalau mancing dlm hutan, sedang dlm hutan tu bunyi penuh dgn unggas serangga, tetiba hutan tu jadik sunyi sepi, biasanya ada haiwan menghendap..terutamanya harimau, harimau akar dan beruang. Selepas hutan jadi 'diam', kemudian disusuli dgn bau hamis..confirm harimau..hehehe..apa lagi, bagi letup satu mercun bola la.. - belajar dr orang asli.

5. Beruang madu. Hutan paya kat Malaysia banyak beruang madu (yg kecik tu, sekerat pinggan dgn dada kaler oren),kalau terserempak, kita yg perlu menjerit dan buat seperti nak kejar, automatik beruang tu akan lari. - belajar dr orang asli.

6. Kepala air. Kalo khemah kat tepi sungai, jangan buat khemah kat tepi air, buat dibahagian /kawasan yg pokok2nya besar. Tandakan satu batu yg besar, kalo tengah malam batu tu hilang, maknanya air tengah naik la tu..- belajar dgn kaki pancing.

7. Tanda-tanda kepala air. Kalo hujan kat hulu, biasanya akan ada kepala air (air naik dr dlm perbezaan paras 5 kaki tak sampai 10 minit). Tanda2 lain yg kita perlu tengok ialah kehadiran buih2 putih kat tempat tak berbuih (klu kat tempat air jatuh for sure ada buih)..maksud saya kat tempat air mengalir biasa, tetiba ada buih2 halus timbul. Tu tandanya arus bawah lagi laju dr arus atas. pastu, akan ada daun basah hanyut, then barulah ada perubahan warna air, dr jernih ke warna oren, coklat dll. Biasanya perubahan ni sekejap saja, dalam 5-6 minit sebelum arus besar datang (kepala air)..sama kes kat Dam Chamang, bentong..saya dah kena. Tambah skit, kalo kepala air datang, bunyi air lebih kuat dr biasa, dr kejauhan dah dengar..

8. Nak masak air. Jangan amik air kat tepi sungai, amik kat tengah sungai atau tempat yg mengalir deras. Rationalnya, tikus, rusa, kancil, babi dll kencing kat tepi sungai, arus akan tolak air kencing tu ke tebing. So, amik yg tengah2. - belajar ngan askar.

9. Binatang besar. Kera atau monyet akan lari dan buat bising bila ada bahaya i.e harimau, gajah, badak, seladang dll. Kalau dr jauh dengar bunyi kera dl buat bising..tentu ada binatang besar tengah lalu. - belajar dgn orang asli.

10. Makan makanan yg dimasak i.e ikan bakar dll. Semasa kat hutan, kami mesti makan sampai habis dan hanyutkan / tanam lebihan makanan sebab bau makanan ni akan menarik perhatian beruang, kera, gajah utk datang bertandang. - ni belajar ngan kaki pancing lain.

11. Buat semua perkara sebelum jam 5.00 petang. Biasanya, bila kami kat hutan, kami akan selesaikan semua urusan (masak, mandi, basuh dll) sebelum jam 5.00 petang. Sebab, dlm pukul 5.00 lebih, hutan dah gelap disebabkan oleh kanopi pokok dan kecondongan matahari. - belajar dr pengalaman

PROPOSE LOGO FOR PKK CYCLING TEAM


Tuesday, 21 April 2015

How to Build a Survival Shelter in a Wooded Area

1 Know that there is nearly always a way to build a shelter in the wilderness and that it is not very hard to do.


2
If it is night, don't move from where you are. It is very easy to get lost in the dark, and being separated from the area you do know can be even more frightening.

3
Find an area clear of large rocks and roots. Building your shelter in a ditch is a good way to stay out of the wind, but rain might make you wish you had dealt with a light breeze. It is also dangerous if you are in a region prone to flash-flooding. So keep out of ditches.

 4
Find a tree, boulder, rock face, or other large object to be the base for your shelter. It should be tall enough for you to crouch behind, and wide enough to accommodate your resting body.

5
Begin gathering wood. It is your most important survival tool. You will use it for your fire, your shelter and hopefully for making some traps for animals. Get anything you can find.

6
Starting with the larger pieces of wood you have collected, lean them against your object. As you are left with smaller and smaller sticks, start slanting them across the larger ones to avoid gaps. (Bear in mind that some gaps are okay.) Use enough sticks to make sure there are no holes otherwise, it will be hard to cover these with leaves. Do not forget to leave an entrance and an exit.

7
Make your shelter wind and waterproof. There are two ways of doing this. If you are in the snow, pile snow up around it. Of course, if it hasn't begun to snow yet, you can't do that. Instead, cover your shelter with leaves. First, dry leaves. Then, wet muddy leaves if you can get them. This will keep your shelter insulated, and stop it from falling apart. Lay sticks on top of the leaves so that they don't blow away with the first breeze.

8
Be creative. Almost anything you can find has a potential use in building a shelter. A net may be useful for making a hammock (useful in warm weather) and rope has hundreds of uses.



Tips

If you find a fallen tree with the roots in the air, it will protect you from wind and rain. But, if you make a fire, make sure that none of the roots catch fire.
If you are in a jungle, keeping yourself off of the ground is a must, since the insects below will have nasty bites and you may catch deadly diseases. Have a mosquito net and if you are not able to, find a plant that may act as a substitute repellent. Rub mud all over exposed skin to avoid sun burns.
If you have time before dark, start a fire.
If it doesn't look like it is going to rain, you may not need to build a waterproof shelter the first night.
A lean-to is an average and easy way to make shelter. Put a cross beam in between two trees approximately 6–8 feet (1.8–2.4 m) apart. Lay some sticks on a downward angle and dig them slightly into the ground to avoid movement and sliding from the base of the sticks. Take spruce bows and poke them downward into the sticks starting from the top. Walls are optional and always build a fire in the front of your camp with charcoal.
Be sure to get your shelter organized by putting a certain section of your shelter as food storage, a sleeping area, and a place to make tools and useful objects out of wood.

Monday, 20 April 2015

my hometown my birthplace

Tambunan

Tambunan is a valley district covering an area of 1,347 km2. in the Interior Division of the state of Sabah, Malaysia. It is located 80 kilometres east of the state capital, Kota Kinabalu (to which is connected by the Kota Kinabalu-Tambunan-Keningau Highway, 48 kilometres south of Ranau and 48 kilometres north of Keningau. At an average altitude of 750 meters, this valley, which is part of the Crocker Range, experiences a mild tropical climate all year long. The valley is peppered with terraced paddy fields and 70 villages. The dense forests of bamboo around Tambunan are a legacy of the British colonial period, during which an edict stated that 20 bamboo sprouts had to be planted for every bamboo cut.

Demographics
A census carried out in 2010 by the Department of Statistics estimated the population of Tambunan at 35,667. Most residents of Tambunan are of Dusun descent.There are significant minorities of Malays, Chinese Malaysians and other native Sabahan ethnic groups. The Chinese population in Tambunan consists primarily of Hakkas

Attractions
The Mat Salleh Memorial, located in the middle of paddy fields at Kampung Tibabar (Tibabar Village), is a concrete structure erected by the state government in memory of Datu Paduka Mat Salleh. Better known as Mat Salleh, he led a rebellion against the British North Borneo Company in the late 19th century in response to the locals' dissatisfaction with alleged exploitation by the Company. He was killed in a gun battle with the British police on 1 February 1900. The memorial was erected on the spot where Mat Salleh was killed after Sabah became part of Malaysia.

Tambunan is noted for the quality of its lihing and tapai. These are rice wines traditionally made by the Kadazan and Dusun peoples of Sabah.

Just outside the town is the Rafflesia Forest Reserve, devoted to the world's largest flower, the Rafflesia. East of Tambunan is Sabah's second highest mountain, Trus Madi (2642 meters).



 Kg Tibabar, Tambunan, Sabah: Rice paddy north of Tibabar - it is the location where the battle of Tambunan took place which ended the Mat Salleh Rebellion in 1900.


Thursday, 16 April 2015

anugerah pingat gangsa dari pada Life Saving Society of Malaysia (LSSM)

The Life Saving Society of Malaysia (LSSM), which began as the ' Royal Life Saving Society Malaysia Branch' was established in the year 1964. As early as 1927, a group of life savers had been trained in the Bronze Medallion under Mr. Lee Fong Lim at the Penang Chinese Swimming Club. The establishment of the RLSS Malaysian Branch marked the beginning of organised life saving in the country.
In 1961, the Earl Mountbatten of Burma, the Grand President of the RLSS Commonwealth Council, visited Kuala Lumpur and met up with Mr. Teoh Teik Lee who was then the local representative for the RLSS United Kingdom. His Lordship proposed the formation of an autonomous national life saving organisation that was consistent with the independent status of our country. This proposal also had the blessing of the then Prime Minister, Y.T.M. Tunku Abdul Rahman, who not only gave his full support but also consented to be the Patron of the society. Thus it came about that the early development of the RLSS Malaysian Branch was associated with two very illustrious names - the Earl Mountbatten of Burma and our beloved T.Y.M. Tunku Abdul Rahman.
The RLSS Malaysian Branch was formed in the inaugural meeting on 9TH December 1964. Mr. Teoh Teik Lee was elected the first President of the Society, a position he held for the next twelve years. Three years later, on 14TH February 1967, at Carcosa, the residence then of the British High Commissioner, the Society received its 'Instrument of Membership' to the RLSS Commonwealth Council from the Grand President, Earl Mountbatten of Burma. This auspicious ceremony, held under the patronage of T.Y.M. Tunku Abdul Rahman, was witnessed by dignitaries and representatives from the Commonwealth nations, including the Hon. Justice Joske, President RLSS Australia. Malaysia became the 5TH branch of the RLSS Commonwealth Council.
In the first year of operation the Society managed to train 50 life savers. Three years later, this annual total reached 500 and was doubled in 1970. Since then, the annual awards issued by the Society average a total of 2000.
In June 1976, Tan Sri Hamdan Sheikh Tahir, on his retirement as Director-General of Education, Malaysia, accepted an invitation to lead the Society, thus taking over from Mr. Teoh Teik Lee as President. In 1984, in keeping with national needs and aspirations, the title 'RLSS Malaysian Branch' was changed to 'Life Saving Society Malaysia' under a constitutional review. November 7TH 1988 ushered in a future of great promise with the official opening of the LSSM Headquarters by the Chief Commonwealth Secretary, Mr. John Taylor. Our search for a permanent secretariat and home was over.
On 1ST May 1989, Tan Sri Datuk Hamdan Sheikh Tahir was elevated to the high office of Head of State of Pulau Pinang as its Governor, and later conferred the title 'Tun', the nation's highest decoration, by our King, the Yang DiPertuan Agong. Our President invariably had to relinquish the Presidency of the Society to attend to State matters, and was succeeded by Datuk Mohamed Yeop Abdul Raof who was unanimously elected the third President of the LSSM at its Biennial General Meeting on 21ST May 1989. Dato' Mohammed Yeop stepped down as president in 2002 due to ill health. He was succeded by Dato' Ismail Shah Bodin as President in 2002 and who is still at the helm to this day. In 1989 as well, Tun Dato' Seri (Dr.) Haji Hamdan Sheikh Tahir honoured the Society by accepting the position of 'Honorary Life President'.
The future beckons towards achieving our ultimate goal - A life saver in every family.

Friday, 10 April 2015

rebulding my rxz

















Yamaha RX-Z

Yamaha RX-Z 135 is a 2-stroke naked bike manufactured by Yamaha Motor Corporation. Debuted in April 1985, the RX-Z is very popular in Malaysia and Singapore and has been sold for more than two decades before the production was ended in 2011. In 2004, the model was revised cosmetically and a catalytic converter was installed.

The Yamaha RX-Z was originally equipped with a 5-speed transmission with solid front disc brake. The model shared the same platform and chassis as its predecessor, the water-cooled Yamaha RD125. Shortly after the launch, the RX-Z became popular among young motorcyclists especially in Malaysia. A few years later, the engine was upgraded with the installation of a 6-speed transmission, together with newer instrument panel and handlebar switches, as well as a cross-drilled front disc brake rotor.
Since then, the design of the RX-Z remained unchanged until 2004 when the model was updated, with the rear lights borrowed from the Yamaha Y125Z. The new RX-Z was equipped with a catalytic converter, sacrificing 1 PS of maximum power (original maximum power: 21 PS). However, the maximum torque remained unchanged but the low-end torque was improved compared with the early models. Some owners of the earlier RX-Z motorcycles may have problems during take-off because the engine tends to stall when an inexperienced rider tries to take off in the first gear. However, the problem was resolved in the new model.
The production of the RX-Z ended in 2011 after being sold for more than two decades.
In Malaysia, the RX-Z is one of the motorcycle models often associated with Mat Rempit street racers. As a result, many Malay movies including Remp-It use the RX-Z in their movies.

Manufacturer Yamaha Motor Company
Parent company Yamaha Corporation
Production 1985-2011
Predecessor Yamaha RD125
Successor Yamaha FZ150i
Class naked bike
Engine 133 cc (8.1 cu in) 2-stroke, bore 56x54 mm, compression: 7.0:1[1]
Power 20 bhp (15 kW) @ 8,500 rpm[1]
Torque 1.85 kgf (4.1 lbf) @ 7,500 rpm[1]
Transmission 6-speed
Suspension Front: Telescopic fork
Rear: Dual shocks swingarm
Brakes Front: Disc
Rear: Drum
Tires 89/90-18 45H front, 90/90-18 51H rear
Wheelbase 1,300 mm (51 in)
Dimensions L: 1,990 mm (78 in)
W: 725 mm (28.5 in)
H: 1,160 mm (46 in)
Seat height 770 mm (30 in)
Weight 106 kg (234 lb)[1] (dry)
n/a (wet)
Fuel capacity 13 l (3.4 US gal)
Related Yamaha RX-135
Yamaha Y125Z