Friday, 27 June 2014

PUISI BASIKAL PENA BAHARI

Berbasikal di kota Kuching
perlukan pertimbangan
setepat dacing pada motosikal,
kereta dan lori temanmu
basikal mendamba harmoni
bersama kita menjadikannya
sebuah kota basikal Malaysia

kukayuh basikal menuju kota
putaran roda menjadi simfoni
kudaki Bukit Siol penuh tenaga
ingin bertemu Datuk Bandar
membawa utusan warga
kembalikan basikal di jalan raya

alam semakin terdera
asap kereta membunuh
warga belanja diesel dan petrol
sudah tidak terpikul obesiti
sudah tidak terbendung lelaki
seperti wanita mengandung

berbasikal langkah bijaksana
udara segar obes kan sirna
kepada Datuk Bandar
kami pinta binakan jalan untuk semua
termasuk laluan basikal jua

berbasikal di kota Kuching
seperti terbang di langit biru
resah dan runsing hilang di awan
alam semakin tenang dan aku disapa riang.

Groupset

A groupset or gruppo (from the Italian for "group", often misspelled grouppo) is a bicycle component manufacturer's organized collection of mechanical parts. It generally refers to all of the components that make up a bicycle excluding the bicycle frame, fork, stem, wheels, tires, and rider contact points, such as the saddle and handlebars.

These parts typically include the following:

  • 2 gear levers or shifters and

  • 2 brake levers or

  • 2 integrated brake levers/shifters

  • 2 brakes, front and rear

  • 2 derailleurs, front and rear

  • 1 bottom bracket

  • 1 crankset

  • 1 chain

  • 1 cogset, freewheel or cassette
With the following forming part of some groupsets:

  • 1 headset (more commonly included with vintage groupsets)

  • 1 seatpost

  • 2 hubs, front and rear (although, most manufacturers now offer groupset-branded pre-built wheels)

  • Pair of pedals

  • assorted cables and cable housing  
Except for special commemorative versions, manufacturers do not actually package the various component together to be sold by retailers as a complete groupset. Therefore when a modern road groupset is bought after-market (as an upgrade for an older bike, or for someone building their own bike), the customer can choose which parts they require, the price of the groupset is just the individual prices of the chosen parts added together.



The major groupset manufacturers are Campagnolo for road bicycles and Shimano and SRAM for both road and mountain bikes.

Manufacturers typically offer a range of several groupsets, each targeted at a different budget or use. For instance, Dura-Ace, Super Record and Red are the top-of-the-line road racing groupsets for Shimano, Campagnolo and SRAM respectively while Claris, Veloce and Apex are their entry level road racing group sets, respectively.

List of Groupsets

Below is a list of the three largest manufacturer's groupsets for Road and MTB applications. Each manufacturer's offering is arranged in descending price/quality. The number of sprockets of the cassette in each groupset is shown in brackets. The total number of gears is determined by this number multiplied by the number of chainrings, for example a bike that has a double chainring and a 10-speed cassette has 20 gears, although some of them overlap. Please see the article on bicycle gearing for more information.

Road groupsets

For 2013, Shimano road bicycle groupsets include:

  • Dura-Ace Di2 [9070] (11 speed electronic)

  • Dura-Ace [9000] (11 speed)

  • Dura-Ace Track [7710] (NJS-approved, which is a requirement of all bicycle components used in professional Keirin racing in Japan)

  • Ultegra Di2 [6870] (11 speed electronic)

  • Ultegra Di2 [6770] (10 speed electronic)

  • Ultegra [6800] (11 speed)

  • Ultegra [6700] (10 speed)

  • 105 [5700] (10 speed)

  • Tiagra [4600] (10 speed)

  • Sora [3500] (9 speed)

  • Claris [2400] (8 speed)
Campagnolo

  • Super Record EPS (11 speed electronic)

  • Record EPS (11 speed electronic)

  • Athena EPS (11 speed electronic)

  • Super Record (11 speed)

  • Record (11 speed)

  • Chorus (11 speed)

  • Athena (11 speed)

  • Centaur (10 speed)

  • Veloce (10 speed)
Older Campagnolo groupsets that were discontinued from 2009 are the lower-end:

  • Mirage (10)

  • Xenon (10)
Campagnolo also offers 3 triple chainring offerings for steep hill-climbing:

  • Comp Triple (10)

  • Race Triple (10)

  • Champ Triple (9)
SRAM - 2010 In 2006, SRAM released two groupsets for racing bicycles, aimed at competing with Shimano and Campagnolo's offerings. SRAM currently has 7 road bike groupsets (in descending order of price/quality) that all use the SRAM Double Tap shifting technology:

  • SRAM Red22 (11 speed)

  • SRAM Red 2012 (10 speed)

  • SRAM Black Red (Introduced 2011) (10 speed)

  • SRAM Force22 (11 speed)

  • SRAM Force (10 speed)

  • SRAM Rival (10 speed)

  • SRAM Apex (Introduced for 2010) (10 speed)
MTB/General

Shimano - 2011

  • XTR (10)

  • Saint (9)

  • Deore XT (9/10)

  • SLX (9/10)

  • Zee (10)

  • Hone (9)

  • Deore LX (8/9)

  • Deore (9/10)

  • Alivio (8/9)

  • Acera (8)

  • Altus (8)

  • Tourney (8)
SRAM

  • XX1 (11)

  • XO1 (11)

  • XX (10)

  • X0 (10)

  • X9 (10)

  • X7 (10)

  • X5 (9/10)

  • X4 (8/9)

  • X3 (7)
SRAM also offer parts under several different marques as they've slowly bought out several smaller, specialist bike part manufacturers. These include:

  • Brake systems - Avid

  • Cranksets - Truvativ

  • Mountain Bike Suspension - Rock Shox
SRAM are phasing out 3 ring front chainrings in their MTB range for a 2 front chainring, 10 sprocket rear cassette setup, commonly found on road bikes.

Specialist

There are some groupsets which are designed for a specific purpose (track cycling, downhill etc.). Some are just partial groupsets which are intended to be used with other groupsets.

  • Shimano Dura-Ace Di2 7970 - (10) - electronic shifters and derailleurs intended to be used with regular Dura-Ace 7900 parts (cranks, cassette, chain, bottom bracket etc.)

  • Shimano Dura-Ace (track) - (1) - Track bikes

  • Campagnolo Pista - (1) - Track bikes

  • Campagnolo Time Trial - (N/A) - Time Trial components with bar-end controls, chainrings with oversized toothing and super-light brake levers in composite material.

  • Shimano Hone - (9) - Enduro and Freeride applications

  • Shimano Saint - (9) - Downhill and heavy-duty applications
The Shimano Nexus began as an internal hub only and has slowly grown into its own groupset including a higher end internal hub (Alfine, previously Nexus 'Redline'), chain, shifters, cranks, brakes and calipers.

  • Shimano Alfine - (8) - Internal (planetary) hub gearing, hydraulic disc brakes or mechanical calipers

  • Shimano Nexus - (8) - Internal (planetary) hub gearing, drum brakes or calipers




New study shows cycling really is better than running

US professor confirms what we all knew, says cycling “a lot easier on the muscles” than running & has science to back it up



by Elliot Johnston   January 21, 2014



A new study shows that cycling is better exercise than running. The researchers say runners should include cycling as part of their training, and people taking up exercise should choose cycling over running to avoid injury.

Research carried out by Appalachian State University’s (ASU) Human Performance Laboratory (HPL) showed that long-distance runners experienced more muscle damage, soreness and inflammation than cyclists after a period of intense workouts







The study analysed blood samples from cyclists and runners aged from 19 to 45 who regularly compete in races. The athletes exercised for 2.5 hours per day for three days in the lab at 70% VO2max. Their blood was then taken after one, 14 and 38 hours to determine that the runners were in a significantly worse state.

The actual science bits are here for those of you who can make head or tail of biochemistry.

According to principal investigator Professor David Nieman at the ASU HPL the results showed that cycling allows the body to exercise for longer because it causes less damage than its impact-heavy counterpart.

He said: “Runners just can’t put in the same volume of exercise as cyclists without experiencing more inflammation, soreness and muscle damage.

“Long-distance runners are encouraged to vary their training schedules, mixing higher and lower exercise workloads, and to include other training modalities like swimming or cycling to maintain the highest level of performance.”

Nieman went on to recommend cycling over running for beginners as a way to get fit.

He said: “It is going to be a lot easier on the muscles."

Senarai gunung di Malaysia

Gunung/ Ukuran dalam unit Kaki/ Tempat Negeri

1. Gunung Kinabalu 13,455 Sabah Kinabalu Park Sabah

2. Gunung Thusmadi 8,669 Sabah

3. Gunung Tambuyukon 8,462 Sabah

4. Gunung Murud 7,946 Sarawak

5. Gunung Mulu 7,795 Mulu Park Sarawak

6. Gunung Tahan(Kuala Tembeling)7,174 Taman Negara Pahang

7. Gunung Korbu(Ulu Kinta) 7,162 Ipoh Perak

8. Gunung Yong Belar 7,156 Perak/Kelantan

9. Gunung Gayong 7,129 Perak

10. Gunung Chamah(Grik) 7,212 Tasek Temenggor Perak/Kelantan

11. Gunung Yong Yap 7,110 Tasek Temenggor Perak/Kelantan

12. Gunung Ulu Sepat(Grik) 7,089 Tasek Temenggor Perak/Kelantan

13. Gunung Batu Putih(Tapah) 6,990 Kg. Sg. Woh Perak

14. Gunung Tama Abu 6,930 Banjaran Tama Abu Sarawak

15. Gunung Irau 6,924 Cameron Highland Pahang

16. Gunung Benum 6,914 Jerantut Pahang

17. Gunung Apd Runan 6,900 Sarawak Kelabit Highland Sarawak

18. Gunung Cerah 6,898 Perak/Kelantan

19. Gunung Berembun 6,817 Perak
20. Gunung Berinchang 6,664 Cameron Highland Pahang

21. Gunung Tangga 6,609 Cameron Highland Pahang

22. Gunung Swettenham 6,434 Taiping Perak

23. Gunung Liang Timur Peast 6,343 Behrang Ulu/Tg. Malim Perak

24. Gunung Siku 6,284 Cameron Highland Pahang

25. Gunung Noring 6,197 Perak

26. Gunung Bintang 6,110 Perak

27. Gunung Noring East 6,106 Kg. Kuala Balah Kelantan

28. Gunung Beremban 6,041 Pahang

29. Gunung Basor 6,038 Kelantan

30. Gunung Semangko 5,984 Kuala kubu Baharu Selangor

31. Gunung Ulu Kali 5,814 Ulu Yam Baru Selangor

32. Gunung Bujang 5,812 Pahang

33. Gunung Besar 5,737 Lasah/Sg. Siput Perak

34. Gunung Chabang 5,612 Simpang Pulai(Kinta) Perak

35. Gunung Jasar 5,565 Cameron Highland Pahang

36. Gunung Rajah 5,526 Kuala Kubu Baharu Selangor

37. Gunung Bubu(Manong) 5,437 Kuala Kangsar Perak

38. Gunung Bah Gading 5,318 Kg. Gedung/Bidor Perak

39. Gunung Perdah 5,173 Cameron Highland Pahang

40. Gunung Ulu Jerneh(Selama) 5,172 Kg. Lubok Buaya/Kg. Masjid Perak

41. Gunung Rabong 5,047 Gua Musang Kelantan

42. Gunung Ulu Titi Basah(Grik) 5,030 Tasek Temenggor Perak

43. Gunung Lebah 4,992 Kg. Ulu Selim(Slim River) Perak

44. Gunung Tapis 4,960 Kuantan Pahang

45. Gunung Nuang 4,898 Pangsoon/Ulu Langat Selangor

46. Gunung Bedong 4,818 Cameron Highland Pahang

47. Gunung Besar Hantu 4,794 Bkt. Lolo/Ulu Langat Selangor

48. Gunung Mandi Angin(Dungun) 4,790 Kg. K. S. Perlis Kelantan

49.Pine Hill Tree(Frasiers Hill)4,777 Kuala Kubu Baru Selangor/Pahang

50.Gunung Hijau(Bkt Maxwell) 4,751 Taiping Perak

51. Gunung Ulu Perus 4,700 Taman Negara Pahang

52. Gunung Bunga Buah 4,690 Genting Highland Pahang

53. Gunung Stong 4,664 Kuala Krai Kelantan

54. Gunung Chingkai 4,583 Kg. Jalong/Sg. Siput Perak

55. Gunung Diwangsa 4,578 Taman Negara Pahang

56. Gunung Ulu Bakar(Jerantut) 4,563 Taman Negara Pahang

57. Gunung Gagau 4,513 Taman Negara Pahang

58. Gunung Ulu Bakau 4,421 Selangor

59. Gunung Inas(Grik) 4,400 Kg. Kenering Perak

60. Gunung Ulu Soh(K. Kangsar) 4,343 Tasek Chenderoh Perak

61. Gunung Padang 4,314 Terengganu

62. Gunung Berangkat 4,254 Perhentian Bertam Baharu Kelantan

63. Gunung Perdis 4,195 Taman Negara Pahang

64. Gunung Ledang(Segamat) 4,187 Asahan/Sagil/Tangkak Johor

65. Gunung Panggang Paku 4,155 Cameron Highland Pahang

66.Bkt Lata Papalang 4,152 Kg. Tg. Pari(Baling) Kedah

67.Gunung Biong 3,997 Kg. Baharu Sauk,Batu Kurau Perak

68. Gunung Jerai(Gurun) 3,992 Kuala Muda Kedah

69. Gunung Gajah Terom 3,958 Terengganu

70. Gunung Bokbak 3,934 Perak

71. Gunung Telapa Buruk 3,913 Kg. Ulu Klawang N. Sembilan

72. Gunung Irong 3,908 Pahang

73. Gunung Kuak Rimau(Grik) 3,712 Pahang

74. Gunung Kubang Badak 3,650 Kg. Surau Baling Kedah

75. Gunung Gabis 3,627 Kg. Bkt Koman(Raub) Pahang

76. Gunung Penumpu 3,590 Taman Negara Pahang

77. Gunung Serundum 3,462 Pancing/Kuantan Pahang

78. Gunung Lerek(Maran) 3,441 Kg. K. Sentul Pahang

79. Gunung Besar 3,398 Johor

80. Gunung Belumut 3,313 Kg. Kahang/Kluang Johor

81. Gunung Bekok 3,126 Johor

82. Gunung Datok 2,900 Rembau N. Sembilan

83. Gunung Raya 2,890 Pulau Langkawi Kedah

84. Gunung Perak 2,836 Kedah

85. Western Hill(Penang Hill) 2,723 Pulau Pinang

86. Gunung Angsi 2,702 Kuala Pilah N. Sembilan

87. Gunung Tampin 2,507 Tampin N. Sembilan

88. Gunung Pulai(Pulai) 2,147 Johor

89. Gunung Senyum 1,594 Felda Bt. 25/Jengka Pahang

90. Gunung Panti 1,498 Kg. Lukut, Kota Tinggi/ Johor

91. Bukit Takun 1,450 Melawati/Ulu Klang Selangor

92. Gunung Lubok Tedong 1,420 Melawati/Gombak Selangor

93. Gunung Lepo 1,400 Ulu Langat Selangor

Tuesday, 24 June 2014

AKTIVITI SIMPULAN DAN IKATAN



PENGENALAN ASAS TALI

  1. LatarbelakangAktiviti

1.1 Tempat    :           Astaka

1.2 Peserta    :           40  orang ( mengikut keperluan )

1.3 Masa        :           1 jam

1.4 Personel    :        KetuaAktiviti              - 1 orang
                                    Jurulatih                    - 1 orang
                                    PembantuJurulatih - 2 orang
                                   
1.5 Peralatan            :  Tali Kernmentlle Dinamik
                                    Tali Kernmentle static
                                    Tali pp
                                    Tali guni
                                    Tali raffia
                                    Tali kasut
                                    Modul ikatan dan ikatan
                                    Groundsheet
                                    KertasTisu
    Kulit kayu
    Daun-daun mati
    Edaran bergambar  
                       

  1. Objektif

2.1 Mengetahuai asas tali
2.2 Membuat tali  menggunakan bahan yang dibekalkan
2.3 Mendapatkeseronokan, kepuasandiridanmenghilangkan rasa bosan.
2.4 Menyemai sikap tekun dan teliti dalam menghasilkan sesuatu kerja.
2.5 Menwujudkan sikap tolenransi dan kerjasama dalam diri peserta


  1. Langkah-langkah

3.1 Wakil peserta melapor kepada ketua jurulatih
3.2 Bacaan doa
3.3 Memberi taklimat aktiviti
3.4 Menerangkan tentang pengenalan tali
3.4.1     Definisi tali
3.4.2     Bentuk-bentuk pembinaan tali
3.4.3     Jenis-jenis tali
3.5 Pembahagian kumpulan kecil
3.6 Kerjasama kumpulan untuk menghasilkan tali
3.7 Persembahan dan pembentangan hasil kerja jumpulan


  1. Pengajaran / Kemahiran

4.1 Penumpuan yang baik
4.2 Kemahiran mendengar
4.3 Komunikasi yang baik.
4.4 Mewujudkan sikap tolong menolong


  1. Rumusan

5.1 Berfikiran positif
5.2 Sikap toleransi dan tolong menolong di kalangan peserta
5.3 Kesabaran dan ketekunan asas kejayaan
5.4 Kaitan dengan mata pelajaran PJK yang dipelajari
5.5 Disiplin dan keyakinan diri
5.6 Ikhtiar hidup


SIMPULAN & IKATAN ASAS


  1. LatarbelakangAktiviti

1.1 Tempat    :           Astaka

1.2 Peserta    :           40  orang ( mengikut keperluan )

1.3 Masa        :           1 jam

1.4 Personel    :        KetuaAktiviti              - 1 orang
                                    Jurulatih                    - 1 orang
                                    PembantuJurulatih - 2 orang
                                   
1.5 Peralatan            :  Tali Kernmentlle Dinamik
                                    Tali Kernmentle static
                                    Tali pp
                                    Tali guni
                                    Tali raffia
                                    Tali kasut
                                    Modul ikatan dan ikatan
                                    Groundsheet
    Tisu
    Edaran bergambar  
   Wisel
   Stopwatch
                       

  1. Objektif

2.1 Membuat simpulan dan ikatan asas.
2.2 Mengetahuai fungsi simpulan dan ikatan
2.3 Menyemai sikap tekun dan teliti dalam menghasilkan sesuatu kerja.
2.4 Menwujudkan sikap tolenransi dan kerjasama dalam diri peserta

 
  1. Langkah-langkah

3.1 Wakil peserta melapor kepada ketua jurulatih
3.2 Bacaan doa
3.3 Memberi taklimat aktiviti
3.4 Kegunaan setiap simpulan dan ikatan dalam kehidupan dan aktiviti lain

3.4.1     Buku sila

                        Kegunaan

Ø  Menyambung dua tali yang sama besar
Ø  Mengikat anduh dalam pertolongan cemas


3.4.2     Simpul bunga keti

                  
                        Kegunaan

v  Menyambung dua tali yang tidak sama besar
v  Menyambung tali dengan rotan/dawai dan sebagainya

3.4.3     Simpul manok

                        Kegunaan

ü  Permulaan ikatan
ü  Mengikat tangkai buah-buahan
ü  Mengikat pagar

3.4.4     Lilit balak

                        Kegunaan

·         Permulaan ikatan
·         Mengikat kayu



3.4.5     Simpul himpit / simpul nelayan

                        Kegunaan

§  Menyambung dua tali
§  Ikat mata kail


3.4.6     Tindih kasih

Kegunaan
                       
o   Untuk menurunkan barang/orang daripada tempat tinggi
o   Mengikat tengkok ikatan

3.5 Tunjuk cara membuat simpulan dan ikatan asas
3.6 Peserta melakukan semua simpulan dan ikatan denganbimbingan jurulatih
3.7 Peserta melakukan simpulan dan ikatan dalam masa yang ditetapkan berbentuk pertandingan kumpulan
3.8 rumusan


  1. Pengajaran / Kemahiran

4.1 Tumpuan
4.2 Kemahiran mendengar
4.3 Komunikasi yang baik.
4.4 Ketangkasan dalam melaksanakan aktiviti
4.5 Mengawal emosi dengan tekanan masa
4.6 Mewujudkan sikap tolong menolong


  1. Rumusan

5.1 Sikap toleransi dan tolong menolong di kalangan peserta
5.2 Kesabaran dan ketekunan asas kejayaan
5.3 Kaitan dengan mata pelajaran PJK yang dipelajari
5.4 Disiplin dan keyakinan diri
5.5 Kerjasama kumpulan
5.6 Aplikasi dalam kehidupan



ARAHAN TETAP PENGENDALIAN AKTIVITI BERAKIT



 
1.         RASIONAL      
Satu arahan tetap pengurusan aktiviti yang diselaraskan bagi semua Pusat Kokurikulum Negeri bagi menentukan pengurusan aktiviti berakit yang efektif dan efisyen.

2.         MATLAMAT
Memantapkan pengurusan aktiviti berakit yang seragam di setiap Pusat Kokurikulum Negeri.


3.         OBJEKTIF
3.1   Mewujudkan pengurusan aktiviti berakit dengan lebih berkesan dan
       mengikut prosedur yang ditetapkan.
3.2   Mempunyai sistem pengurusan aktiviti berakit yang mantap dan mampan.
3.3   Melaksanakan aktiviti yang terancang mengikut Prosedur Pengendalian Aktiviti (SOP)

4.         PERALATAN
Rujuk Lampiran A

5.         PERSONEL
5.1   Ketua Jurulatih / Ketua Projek / Ketua aktiviti
5.2   Jurulatih ( 1 : 6 peserta) mengikut senarai nama terkini


6.         PERSIAPAN AWAL
6.1      Menyediakan kertas konsep
6.2       Menentukan kumpulan sasaran
6.3       Pemilihan dan tinjauan tempat aktiviti yang akan dijalankan.
6.4       Menetapkan tarikh aktiviti
6.5       Pelantikan Jawatankuasa
6.6       Surat menyurat
            6.6.1   Memohon kebenaran penggunaan tempat
            6.6.2   Panggilan mesyuarat
            6.6.3   Makluman kepada peserta
            6.6.4   Memohon bantuan keselamatan (polis, hospital, JPA 3, JKKK,
                      BOMBA dan lain – lain agensi yang berkaitan jika perlu)
            6.6.5   Panggilan bertugas kepada jurulatih
6.7       Penyediaan alatan dan logistik
6.8       Senarai keperluan peserta
6.9       Ramalan cuaca / Laporan pasang surut air ( jika sungai )

7.         PELAKSANAAN
7.1         Sebelum
7.1.1   Penyediaan laluan / tempat aktiviti
7.1.2   Taklimat jurulatih
7.1.3   Semakan alatan aktiviti dan logistik
7.1.4   Senarai Peserta
7.2         Semasa
7.2.1   Pemasangan penanda mula / hentian / tamat
7.2.2   Penyediaan alatan
7.2.3   Peserta dikumpul di tempat aktiviti
7.2.4   Doa
7.2.5   Taklimat aktiviti kepada peserta:
·         Jenis rakit
·         Laluan  (sekiranya terdapat lebih dari satu)
·         Jarak laluan
·         Peraturan
·         keselamatan 
7.2.6   Peserta mengisi borang pendaftaran masing-masing dan menyerahkannya kembali kepada urusetia.
7.2.7   Peserta diberi masa mula masing-masing atau nombor turutan untuk bermula ( pelepasan secara turutan )
7.2.8   Peserta diberi peta laluan semasa taklimat kumpulan
7.2.9   Peserta dilepaskan mengikut selang masa yang telah ditetapkan
7.2.10 Marshall dan penyelamat membuat rondaan untuk memastikan kelancaran aktiviti dan keselamatan peserta
7.2.11 Peserta melapor di tempat hentian / tamat
7.2.12 Proses pengiraan masa / markah setiap kumpulan ( jika 
           bertanding )

7.3         Selepas
7.3.1   Mempamerkan keputusan peserta ( jika bertanding )
7.3.2   Peserta berkumpul dan semakan bilangan peserta
7.3.3   Pengumpulan semula peralatan / logistik
7.3.4   Pembersihan kawasan
7.3.5   Ulasan dan penilaian oleh jurulatih
7.3.6   Pemulangan alatan
7.3.7   Penilaian Program / Aktiviti
7.3.8   Semakan dan penambahbaikan aktiviti


SENARAI PERALATAN INDIVIDU
                                               
1.    Jaket keselamatan
2.    Helmet / Topi
3.    T-Shirt berlengan panjang
4.    First Aid Kit
5.    Kasut Aktiviti Air
6.    Baju Hujan
7.    Kain / Tag Bernombor ( jika pertandingan )
8.    Keperluan peribadi / ibadah

PERALATAN KUMPULAN
1.    Peralatan memasak
2.    Bekalan makanan yang mencukupi
3.    Pisau / parang yang bersesuaian
4.    Peralatan bagi tujuan pembaikan kerosakan rakit
5.    Beg kalis air / Plastik sampah
6.    Radio Komunikasi

PERALATAN MARSHALL / PENYELAMAT
1.    Bot / Enjin
2.    Kayak dan padle
3.    Jaket keselamatan
4.    Jersey marshall / penyelamat
5.    Throw bag
6.    Pelampung
7.    Wisel
8.    Bendera Hijau / Merah / Kuning
9.    Radio Komunikasi